A simple diagnostic test to confirm correct placement of dysfunctional central venous catheters before chemotherapy in children

Ilan Keidan*, Erez Ben-Menachem, Haim Berkenstadt, Amos Toren

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In children undergoing intravenous chemotherapy, partial dysfunction of the central venous catheter (CVC) is common. Fluids can be infused into the catheter; however, blood cannot be aspirated. In those situations, chemotherapy is withheld and a catheter investigation is performed. Usually, a radiographic study with contrast media or therapy with thrombolytic drugs followed by rechecking for blood return is undertaken. Aim: To evaluate if a previously described method using dilute sodium bicarbonate injection and the resultant rise in measured end-tidal carbon dioxide tracing can confirm correct intravascular placement of a dysfunctional CVC in children at the bedside. Patients: Cohort group of 22 children scheduled for chemotherapy with partial dysfunction of a CVC in a tertiary hematologyoncology care facility. Results: All children with a partial dysfunctional CVC that was proven to be intravascular after venogram or thrombolytic therapy had a distinct and predictable increase in end-tidal carbon dioxide response to injected bicarbonate. Conclusion: Injection of 1 mL/kg (maximum 20 mL) of 4.2% dilute sodium bicarbonate is a quick, simple, bedside test allowing confirmation of intravascular location of dysfunctional CVC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-80
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Central venous catheter
  • Chemotherapy
  • End-tidal carbon dioxide
  • Extravasation
  • Sodium bicarbonate

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