A sequence-based filtering method for ncRNA identification and its application to searching for riboswitch elements

Shaojie Zhang*, Ilya Borovok, Yair Aharonowitz, Roded Sharan, Vineet Bafna

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Motivation: Recent studies have uncovered an "RNA world", in which non coding RNA (ncRNA) sequences play a central role in the regulation of gene expression. Computational studies on ncRNA have been directed toward developing detection methods for ncRNAs. State-of-the-art methods for the problem, like covariance models, suffer from high computational cost, underscoring the need for efficient filtering approaches that can identify promising sequence segments and speedup the detection process. Results: In this paper we make several contributions toward this goal. First, we formalize the concept of a filter and provide figures of merit that allow comparison between filters. Second, we design efficient sequence based filters that dominate the current state-of-the-art HMM filters. Third, we provide a new formulation of the covariance model that allows speeding up RNA alignment. We demonstrate the power of our approach on both synthetic data and real bacterial genomes. We then apply our algorithm to the detection of novel riboswitch elements from the whole bacterial and archaeal genomes. Our results point to a number of novel riboswitch candidates, and include genomes that were not previously known to contain riboswitches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e557-e565
JournalBioinformatics
Volume22
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2006

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