A scoping review on occupational science research in European contexts

Occupational Science Europe Research Committee:

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: A survey showed European occupational scientists cover a broad range in occupational science (OS) research, however, no contemporary overviews of European OS research exists, and current research may provide valuable information for OS and occupational therapy. Aim: The aim was to provide an overview of contemporary European OS research. Materials and method: A scoping review was performed, including studies conducted in Europe and published in the British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT), the Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy (SJOT) or the Journal of Occupational Science (JOS) between 2015 and 2020. The journals were systematically searched, and quality assessment and thematic analysis were undertaken. Results: Findings from 93 articles identified many studies from the Nordic countries. Most studies applied qualitative research methods. Theoretical concepts from OS were used in data generating and discussions. A wide range of demographics, and living conditions were explored. Recent articles took a reflexive stance on the positionality of the researcher/s. Conclusions: This review highlights the diversity of OS research, suggesting a solid theoretical knowledge base within European OS research. Significance: The results contribute to further development and maturation of the discipline of OS in Europe and internationally.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Knowledge base
  • occupation
  • occupational science
  • research methods
  • theoretical concepts

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