A role for NAD+ and cADP-ribose in melatonin signal transduction

M. Bubis, N. Zisapel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The hormone melatonin modulates constitutive protein secretion and inhibits cGMP in melanoma M2R cells via cholera-toxin (CTX) sensitive pathways. Activation by melatonin of CTX-substrates is due to enhancement of their ADP ribosylation. The possibility that ADP ribosylation was enhanced by elevation of NAD+ was studied. Melatonin enhanced NAD+ and decreased cADP-ribose in the cells, in a CTX independent pathway, indicating inhibition of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide glycohydrolase (NADase). Dibutyryl cGMP (db-cGMP), which obviates the melatonin-induced decrease in cGMP and prevents the modulation of protein secretion, abrogated the enhancement of NAD+. cADP-ribose is involved in calcium homeostasis and its decrease may reduce intracellular Ca2+. The intracellular Ca2+ chelator BAPTA/AM mimicked and Ca2+ ionophores prevented the melatonin-induced inhibition of protein secretion. These data indicate for the first time hormonal modulation of NADase resulting in two signals: (1) enhancement of NAD+ which may explain the increase in ADP ribosylation and activation of CTX substrates leading to facilitation of protein secretion; (2) suppression of cell cADP-ribose and consequently intracellular Ca2+ which may explain the melatonin-induced inhibition of protein secretion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-67
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 13 Feb 1998


FundersFunder number
Tel Aviv University


    • ADP ribosylation
    • Calcium
    • G-proteins melanoma
    • Melatonin
    • NAD
    • NAD hydrolase
    • cADP-ribose


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