A review of the aetiological factors and results of trans-ankle (Syme) disarticulations

I. Siev-Ner, M. Heim, M. Warshavski, A. Daich, E. Tamir, I. Dudkiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction. Ever since James Syme described his amputation at the ankle joint, most authors have agreed that Syme's amputation should not be considered for patients with diabetic vascular disease (DVD). The aim of the study was to record our experience with Syme's amputations and to search for any predictive criteria that may enhance successful results. Patients and methods. Seventy patients underwent a Syme amputation betw een the years 1980 and 2000 in our department, 51 owing to DVD. The other 19 patients had their amputations because of other pathologies. Results. The 19 patients of the non-DVD group showed a success rate of 94.7% (18/19). The overall success rate of the DVD patients was 49% (25/ 51). When we analysed the DVD group by age, the cut-off point was 65 years old. Patients aged 65 or less had a success rate of 68.2% (15/22), and over the age of 65 years the success rate was only 30.8% (8/26). Conclusions. Patients with DVD should be considered good candidates for a Syme amputation if they are younger than 65 years old.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-242
Number of pages4
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aetiological factors
  • Diabetes
  • Syme's amputation
  • Trans-ankle disarticulations

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