A Ras inhibitor tilts the balance between Rac and Rho and blocks phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent glioblastoma cell migration

Liat Goldberg, Yoel Kloog

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Glioblastoma multiforme are highly aggressive tumors for which no adequate treatment has yet been developed. Glioblastoma multiforme show large amounts of active Ras, considered an appropriate target for directed therapy. Here, we show that the Ras inhibitor S-trans, trans-farnesyl thiosalicylic acid (FTS) can avert the transformation of human glioblastoma multiforme cells by inhibiting both their migration and their anchorage-independent proliferation. FTS, by down-regulating Ras activity in glioblastoma multiforme cells, inhibited phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling, resulting in decreased activity of Rac-1. At the same time, activation of RhoA was increased. These two small GTPases are known to control the arrangement of the actin cytoskeleton. By tilting the balance between Rac-1 and RhoA activities, FTS caused the glioblastoma multiforme cells to undergo profound changes in morphology, including rearrangement of actin into stress fibers and assembly of focal adhesions, both of which are governed by RhoA signaling. These morphologic changes allowed strong attachment of the cells to the matrix, rendering them immobile. The results show that FTS should be considered as a candidate drug for glioblastoma multiforme therapy because it targets not only cell proliferation but also cell migration and invasion, which together constitute the most problematic aspect of these malignancies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11709-11717
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Research
Volume66
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2006

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