A rare genotype of biallelic mosaic variants in BCOR gene causing a bilateral ocular anterior segment dysgenesis and cataracts

Daphna Mezad-Koursh*, Eldar Rosenfeld, Anat Bachar Zipori, Dinah Zur, Emil Elhanan, Shay Ben-Shachar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Oculofaciocardiodental (OFCD) syndrome is a rare X-linked dominant syndrome characterized by the involvement of the eyes, face, teeth, and heart with variable expressivity. The syndrome is caused by loss-of-function variants in the BCOR gene located on the X chromosome. OFCD affects only females with presumed embryonic lethality among males. We report a first case of a female with biallelic mosaic variants in BCOR gene, leading to a severe ocular phenotype including anterior segment dysgenesis, cataracts, and retinal involvement. The unique condition of biallelic mosaic loss-of-function mutations leads to a variable expression of an allele with the pathogenic variant, independent of the X-Inactivation pattern. This novel mechanism of co-existent biallelic mosaicism should be suspected in unexplained severe cases of OFCD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-127
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

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