A Rare Case of 7 Simultaneous Arterial Dissections and Review of The Literature

Daphna Amitai Komem, Rivka Sukenik Halevy, Yigal Griton, Ali Shnaker, Yair Levy, Jonathan Weissmann, Simone Fajer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Spontaneous multiple artery dissection is a relatively rare phenomenon. Early clinical signs are often nonspecific, making it difficult to diagnose. Case Report: This is a case of a 51-year-old female who presented with spontaneous dissection of 4 visceral arteries, both iliac arteries, and of the right internal carotid artery. The patient underwent urgent successful endovascular repair. Later complications included acute respiratory distress syndrome and pneumonia after massive blood transfusion. She recovered gradually and was discharged after 21 days. Due to this rare presentation, genetic investigation was performed in search of a connective tissue disorder. Results revealed a new COL3A1 subtype mutation. The pathogenicity of this variant remains unclear. Conclusion: We recommend a high index of suspicion for visceral artery dissection in the differential diagnosis for abdominal pain with concurrent uncontrolled hypertension. Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial to reducing the mortality rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)617-622
Number of pages6
JournalVascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume53
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • dissection
  • endovascular repair
  • hypertension
  • multiple artery dissections
  • pseudoaneurysm
  • stent graft

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