A prospective, randomized assessment of a novel, local antibiotic releasing platform for the prevention of superficial and deep surgical site infections

O. Zmora, Y. Stark, O. Belotserkovsky, M. Reichert, G. A. Kozloski, N. Wasserberg, H. Tulchinsky, L. Segev, A. J. Senagore, N. Emanuel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Despite significant advances in infection control guidelines and practices, surgical site infections (SSIs) remain a substantial cause of morbidity, prolonged hospitalization, and mortality among patients having both elective and emergent surgeries. D-PLEX100 is a novel, antibiotic-eluting polymer–lipid matrix that supplies a high, local concentration of doxycycline for the prevention of superficial and deep SSIs. The aim of our study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of D-PLEX in addition to standard of care (SOC) in preventing superficial and deep surgical site infections for patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. Methods: From October 10, 2018 to October 6, 2019, as part of a Phase 2 clinical trial, we randomly assigned 202 patients who had scheduled elective colorectal surgery to receive either standard of care SSI prophylaxis or D-PLEX100 in addition to standard of care. The primary objective was to assess the efficacy of D-PLEX100 in superficial and deep SSI reduction, as measured by the incidence of SSIs within 30 days, as adjudicated by both an individual assessor and a three-person endpoint adjudication committee, all of whom were blinded to study-group assignments. Safety was assessed by the stratification and incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events. Results: One hundred and seventy-nine patients were evaluated in the per protocol population, 88 in the intervention arm [51 males, 37 females, median age (64.0 range: 19–92) years] and 91 in the control arm [57 males, 34 females, median age 64.5 (range: 21–88) years]. The SSI rate within 30 day post-index surgery revealed a 64% relative risk reduction in SSI rate in the D-PLEX100 plus standard of care (SOC) group [n = 7/88 (8%)] vs SOC alone [n = 20/91 (22%)]; p = 0.0115. There was no significant difference in treatment-emergent adverse events. Conclusions: D-PLEX100 application leads to a statistically significant reduction in superficial and deep surgical site infections in this colorectal clinical model without any associated increase in adverse events.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTechniques in Coloproctology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Doxycycline
  • Localized antibiotic therapy
  • Surgical site infection

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