A Phamacoeconomic Analysis of Personalized Dosing vs Fixed Dosing of Pembrolizumab in Firstline PD-L1-Positive Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

Daniel A. Goldstein, Noa Gordon, Michal Davidescu, Moshe Leshno, Conor E. Steuer, Nikita Patel, Salomon M. Stemmer, Alona Zer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In October 2016, pembrolizumab became the new standard of care for firstline treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (mNSCLC) whose tumors express programmed death ligand 1 in at least 50% of cells. The US Food and Drug Administration–recommended dose is 200 mg every three weeks. Multiple studies have demonstrated equivalent efficacy with weight-based doses between 2 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg. The objective of this study was to compare the economic impact of using personalized dosing (2 mg/kg) vs fixed dosing (200 mg) in the firstline setting of mNSCLC. Methods: We performed a budget impact analysis from the US societal perspective to compare fixed dosing with personalized dosing. We calculated the target population and weight of patients who would be treated with pembrolizumab annually in the firstline setting. Using survival curves from the KEYNOTE 024 trial with Weibull extrapolation, we estimated the mean number of cycles that patients would receive. Using the Medicare average sales price, we calculated the difference in cost between personalized and fixed dosing. Results: Our base case model demonstrates that the total annual cost of pembrolizumab with fixed dosing is US $3 440 127 429, and with personalized dosing it is US $2 614 496 846. The use of personalized dosing would lead to a 24.0% annual savings of US $825 630 583 in the United States. Conclusions: Personalized dosing of pembrolizumab may have the potential to save approximately $0.825 billion annually in the United States, likely without impacting outcomes. This option should be considered for the firstline management of PD-L1-positive advanced lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberdjx063
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Volume109
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2017

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