A perspective on plant robotics: from bioinspiration to hybrid systems

Fabian Meder*, Bilge Baytekin, Emanuela Del Dottore, Yasmine Meroz, Falk Tauber, Ian Walker, Barbara Mazzolai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


As miscellaneous as the Plant Kingdom is, correspondingly diverse are the opportunities for taking inspiration from plants for innovations in science and engineering. Especially in robotics, properties like growth, adaptation to environments, ingenious materials, sustainability, and energy-effectiveness of plants provide an extremely rich source of inspiration to develop new technologies—and many of them are still in the beginning of being discovered. In the last decade, researchers have begun to reproduce complex plant functions leading to functionality that goes far beyond conventional robotics and this includes sustainability, resource saving, and eco-friendliness. This perspective drawn by specialists in different related disciplines provides a snapshot from the last decade of research in the field and draws conclusions on the current challenges, unanswered questions on plant functions, plant-inspired robots, bioinspired materials, and plant-hybrid systems looking ahead to the future of these research fields.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015006
JournalBioinspiration and Biomimetics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023


FundersFunder number
Fabian Meder
German Research Founda-tionEXC-2193/1—390951807
National Science Foundation1924721, 1718075
Horizon 2020 Framework Programme824074
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu117M004


    • actuation
    • autonomy
    • biohybrid systems
    • bioinspiration
    • energy
    • materials science
    • robotics


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