A patient specific computational biomechanical model for the entire lumbosacral spinal unit with imposed spondylolysis

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Abstract

Background: A biomechanical model of the lumbosacral spinal unit between L1-S1 was developed to investigate the behavior of normal and select pathological states. Our aims were to generate predictive structural models for mechanical deformation including critical stresses in the spine components and to investigate the probability of subsequent lumbar spine fractures in the presence of unilateral spondylolysis. Methods: A non-linear three-dimensional finite element pathology-free model of the L1-S1 lumbosacral unit was generated using patient-specific computerized tomography scans and calibrated by comparing it to experimental data of a range of motion modes consisting of flexion, extension, left and right lateral bending, and left and right axial rotation. Unilateral and bilateral pars defects were created on the isthmus of L5 to simulate spondylolysis. Findings: Results showed that under flexion, left lateral bending and right axial rotation, stresses were higher on the contralateral L5 pars-interarticularis, whereas, no significant changes occurred on the left-right isthmus of the L2-L4 and S1. Significant changes in the range of motion compared to the pathology-free model were observed in bilateral spondylolysis not only adjacent to the pars defect area but also in other lumbar spine levels. Interpretation: The proposed pathology-free lumbosacral unit model showed good correlation with experimental tests for all loading cases. In unilateral spondylolysis, a subsequent pars defect was observed within the same vertebra. The overall modeling approach can be used to study different pathological states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Volume68
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019

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