1H N.m.r. spectra of bilirubin and mesobilirubin in chloroform solutions and their temperature dependence were studied. At room temperature the spectrum of the methylene protons of the two propionic acid residues appear as two partially overlapping ABCX multiplets. Specific assignments of the signals were obtained through the 1H - 1H nuclear Overhauser enhancement and selectively protondecoupled 13C spectra. Approximate conformation of the propionic acid residues in terms of the dihedral angles within the CH2CH2 residue and its angles relative to the rest of the molecule was determined on the basis of the chemical shifts, geminal, and vicinal coupling constants. The results are consistent with previous determinations of the conformation of bilirubin and mesobilirubin in chloroform solutions and in the solid state. At elevated temperatures the spectral lineshape of the propionic methylene protons of bilirubin and mesobilirubin changes drastically. The changes were successfully simulated using the DNMR5 computer program, assuming an exchange of the type ABCX A'B'C'X'⇌XCBA X'C'B'A', caused by inversion between the two enantiomeric conformations of these molecules. The activation parameters of the exchange are △H 74.1 ±2.5 kJ mol1 and △S -8.8 ±7.1 J K 1 mol1 for bilirubin and △H 72.4 ±1.2 kJ mol 1and △S - 12.5 ±3.8 J K -1 mol -1 for mesobilirubin.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2|
|State||Published - 1984|