A Novel Urine Test Biosensor Platform for Early Lung Cancer Detection

Ory Wiesel, Sook Whan Sung, Amit Katz, Raya Leibowitz, Jair Bar, Iris Kamer, Itay Berger, Inbal Nir-Ziv, Michal Mark Danieli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Early detection is essential to achieving a better outcome and prognosis. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) reflect alterations in the pathophysiology and body metabolism processes, as shown in various types of cancers. The biosensor platform (BSP) urine test uses animals’ unique, proficient, and accurate ability to scent lung cancer VOCs. The BSP is a testing platform for the binary (negative/positive) recognition of the signature VOCs of lung cancer by trained and qualified Long–Evans rats as biosensors (BSs). The results of the current double-blind study show high accuracy in lung cancer VOC recognition, with 93% sensitivity and 91% specificity. The BSP test is safe, rapid, objective and can be performed repetitively, enabling periodic cancer monitoring as well as an aid to existing diagnostic methods. The future implementation of such urine tests as routine screening and monitoring tools has the potential to significantly increase detection rate as well as curability rates with lower healthcare expenditure. This paper offers a first instructive clinical platform utilizing VOC’s in urine for detection of lung cancer using the innovative BSP to deal with the pressing need for an early lung cancer detection test tool.

Original languageEnglish
Article number627
JournalBiosensors
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • biosensors
  • early detection
  • early diagnosis
  • lung cancer
  • screening
  • volatile organic compound

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