The assessment of submandibular/sublingual (sm/sl) saliva is a procedure of increasing significance. However, the collection of these fluids by traditional techniques is difficult and therefore often neglected. To collect sm/sl saliva, we have assembled a novel, universal system consisting of four parts - collecting tubing, a buffering chamber, a storing tube, and a suction device. Submandibular/sublingual saliva samples were collected from ten healthy and ten xerostomic individuals. The system showed intra-examiner reproducibility of 0.92 for healthy and 0.89 for xerostomic subjects, and inter-examiner reproducibility of 0.93 for normal subjects and 0.80 for xerostomic individuals. The flow rates obtained by the present collecting set-up were similar to those measured by all known previous methods that were published during the last 40 years. The system was also efficient, in that more than 90% of the fluid that entered the system was eventually collected in the storing tube for analysis. The system appears to collect relatively pure sm/sl fluids, since contamination of the collected sample by a stimulant solution swabbed repeatedly over the tongue during saliva collection was minimal. The system is reliable, safe, practical, and comfortable for the patient.