A novel system for dynamic stretching of cell cultures reveals the mechanobiology for delivering better negative pressure wound therapy

Rona Katzengold, Alexey Orlov, Amit Gefen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Serious wounds, both chronic and acute (e.g., surgical), are among the most common, expensive and difficult-to-treat health problems. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is considered a mainstream procedure for treating both wound types. Soft tissue deformation stimuli are the crux of NPWT, enhancing cell proliferation and migration from peri-wound tissues which contributes to healing. We developed a dynamic stretching device (DSD) contained in a miniature incubator for applying controlled deformations to fibroblast wound assays. Prior to the stretching experiments, fibroblasts were seeded in 6-well culture plates with elastic substrata and let to reach confluency. Squashing damage was then induced at the culture centers, and the DSD was activated to deliver stretching regimes that represented common clinical NPWT protocols at two peak strain levels, 0.5% and 3%. Analyses of the normalized maximal migration rate (MMR) data for the collective cell movement revealed that for the 3% strain level, the normalized MMR of cultures subjected to a 0.1 Hz stretch frequency regime was ~ 1.4 times and statistically significantly greater (p < 0.05) than that of the cultures subjected to no-stretch (control) or to static stretch (2nd control). Correspondingly, analysis of the time to gap closure data indicated that the closure time of the wound assays subjected to the 0.1 Hz regime was ~ 30% shorter than that of the cultures subjected to the control regimes (p < 0.05). Other simulated NPWT protocols did not emerge as superior to the controls. The present method and system are a powerful platform for further revealing the mechanobiology of NPWT and for improving this technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-204
Number of pages12
JournalBiomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Funding

FundersFunder number
Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions811965
Technische Universiteit Eindhoven
Israel Science Foundation1266/16

    Keywords

    • Cell biomechanics
    • Chronic and acute wound healing
    • Scratch wound assay
    • Surgical wounds
    • Tissue repair

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