A novel mutation (S54C) of the PAX8 gene in a family with congenital hypothyroidism and a high proportion of affected individuals

Panudda Srichomkwun, Osnat Admoni, Samuel Refetoff, Liat De Vries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is a common endocrine disorder in newborns. The cause of CH is thyroid dysgenesis in 80-85% of patients. Paired box gene 8 (PAX8) is a thyroid transcription factor that plays an important role in thyroid organogenesis and development. To date, 22 different PAX8 gene mutations have been reported. Methods: Four generations of a Hungarian Jewish family were affected, and in the 3 generations studied, 9 males and 4 females were affected and 3 first-degree relatives were unaffected. Six were diagnosed at birth [thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level 59-442 mU/l] and 7 at 2-48 years of age (TSH level 6-223 mU/l). One affected patient had thyroid hemiagenesis on ultrasound. Results: Direct sequencing of the PAX8 gene revealed a novel single nucleotide substitution (c.162 A>T) in exon 2 that resulted in the substitution of the normal serine 54 with a cysteine (S54C), which segregated with elevated serum TSH levels. Other mutations of the same amino acid (S54G and S54R) have also been shown to produce functional impairment. Conclusion: We report a large family with a novel mutation in the PAX8 gene presenting with variable phenotype and with a high proportion of affected family members.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-142
Number of pages6
JournalHormone Research in Paediatrics
Volume86
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Genetic endocrine disorder
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Novel mutation
  • PAX8
  • Thyroid
  • Thyroid hemiagenesis

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