A novel multielectrode catheter for high-density ventricular mapping: Electrogram characterization and utility for scar mapping

Michael Barkagan, Jakub Sroubek, Ayelet Shapira-Daniels, Hagai Yavin, Jihye Jang, Reza Nezafat, Elad Anter*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aims: Multielectrode mapping catheters can be advantageous for identifying surviving myocardial bundles in scar. This study aimed to evaluate the utility of a new multielectrode catheter with increased number of small and closely spaced electrodes for mapping ventricles with healed infarction. Methods and results: In 12 swine (four healthy and eight with infarction), the left ventricle was mapped with investigational (OctarayTM) and standard (PentarayTM) multielectrode mapping catheters. The investigational catheter has more electrodes (48 vs. 20), each with a smaller surface area (0.9 vs. 2.0 mm2) and spacing is fixed at 2 mm (vs. 2-6-2 mm). Electrogram (EGM) characteristics, mapping efficiency and scar description were compared between the catheters and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Electrogram acquisition rate was faster with the investigational catheter (814 ± 126 vs. 148 ± 58 EGM/min, P = 0.02) resulting in higher density maps (38 ± 10.3 vs. 10.1 ± 10.4 EGM/cm2, P = 0.02). Bipolar voltage amplitude was similar between the catheters in normal and infarcted myocardium (P = 0.265 and P = 0.44) and the infarct surface area was similar between the catheters (P = 0.12) and corresponded to subendocardial LGE. The investigational catheter identified a higher proportion of near-field local abnormal ventricular activities within the low-voltage area (53 ± 16% vs. 34 ± 16%, P = 0.03) that were considered far-field EGMs by the standard catheter. The investigational catheter was also advantageous for mapping haemodymically non-tolerated ventricular tachycardias due to its higher acquisition rate (P < 0.001). Conclusion: A novel multielectrode mapping catheter with higher number of small, and closely spaced electrodes increases the mapping speed, EGM density and the ability to recognize low amplitude near-field EGMs in ventricles with healed infarction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-449
Number of pages10
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Catheters
  • Electrodes
  • High-density mapping
  • Mapping
  • Scar
  • Substrate mapping
  • Ventricular tachycardia


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