A novel method for the detection of receptors and membrane proteins by scintillation proximity radioassay

Nathan Nelson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

A rapid and convenient binding assay for receptors and membrane proteins has been developed. It is based on the binding of 125I-labeled ligands to membrane proteins adsorbed to polyvinyltoluene plastic scintillation microspheres. Membranes or isolated membrane proteins adsorb to the beads upon mixing, and addition of 125I-labeled ligand induces photon emission which is proportional to the amount of added receptor or membrane protein. The interaction of acetylcholine receptor with 125I-labeled α-bungarotoxin and antigens with 125I-labeled antibodies or protein A were used as models to test the system. As little as 1 ng of acetylcholine receptor is detected by the assay and a linear relationship with receptor concentration is observed up to 50 ng of receptor per 250 μl reaction medium. The effects of detergents, salts, soluble proteins, and neutral membranes were studied. Inclusion of bovine serum albumin up to 1 mg/ml, sodium chloride up to 0.5 m, and membranes up to 10 μg/ml cause little or no effect on the assay. Detergents at 10-fold below their critical micelle concentrations had little or no effect on the assay. The pharmacological effects of agonists such as acetylcholine were conveniently studied by following the displacement of the 125I-labeled ligand. Similarly, the amount of toxin in crude snake venom can be assayed by measuring competition with the labeled toxin. Only a few seconds are required to perform each binding assay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-293
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Volume165
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1987
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ligands
  • membrane proteins
  • radioassay
  • receptors
  • toxin

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