A novel homozygous deletion in EXPH5 causes a skin fragility phenotype

N. Malchin, O. Sarig, M. Grafi-Cohen, S. Geller, I. Goldberg, A. Shani, A. Gat, E. Sprecher, J. Mashiah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Epidermolysis bullosa simplex (EBS) is the most common form of EB. Eight different genes have been implicated in the pathogenesis of different types of EBS, but a substantial portion of the cases cannot be attributed to mutations in known genes. Recently, recessive mutations in the gene EXPH5 (encoding exophilin-5, also known as Slac2-b) were identified in patients affected with a mild form of EBS. We used immunohistochemistry, Sanger sequencing and PCR–restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis to identify the cause of mild congenital skin fragility in a 3-year-old girl. No mutations were detected in KRT5 or KRT14, but we identified a novel homozygous deletion in EXPH5, which was found to cosegregate with the disease phenotype in the family. Our results further expand the spectrum of mutations in EXPH5. Appraisal of the present case against previously reported patients indicate that EXPH5 mutations result in a distinctive skin fragility phenotype, with minimal blistering compared with other forms of basal EBS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-918
Number of pages4
JournalClinical and Experimental Dermatology
Volume41
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2016

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