A novel form of platelet-type 12-lipoxygenase mRNA in human vascular smooth muscle cells

Rona Limor, Gary Weisinger, Suzan Gilad, Esther Knoll, Orly Sharon, Anat Jaffe, Fortuna Kohen, Esther Berger, Beatriz Lifschizt-Mercer, Naftali Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The lipoxygenase pathway has been implicated in the growth, migration, and contraction of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). However, the precise type of lipoxygenase present in the vascular wall has not been characterized. In this study, we used a specific reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction method with 2 sets of specific primers on total RNA and polyA (+)RNA of normal human VSMCs prepared from umbilical artery. Two forms of platelet-type 12-lipoxygenase mRNA were present in human VSMCs: the already published form cloned from human erythroleukemia cells and a variant form of platelet-type 12-lipoxygenase, which includes 2 additional sequences consistent with the 2 introns (D and E). This novel form of 12-lipoxygenase poly A (+)RNA was downregulated by lipopolysaccharide (10 μg/mL) and upregulated by epidermal growth factor (100 ng/mL) but was not affected by angiotensin II (10-7 mol/L). We developed a rabbit anti-human platelet-type 12-lipoxygenase polyclonal antibody directed against a 24-amino acid peptide encoded within exon 4. Western immunoblotting of protein extracted from VSMCs and umbilical artery and platelet extract with this antibody showed a coordinate 110-kDa protein and the already-described 70-kDa band detected in platelets and cord homogenate. Another 120-kDa protein was consistently detected in cord extracts but not in platelet or VSMC homogenates. The immunohistochemistry study performed with the same antibody showed extensive cytoplasmic staining of VSMCs. The specific role of these different forms of platelet-type 12-lipoxygenase is subject to further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)864-871
Number of pages8
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Lipoxygenase
  • Muscle, smooth, vascular


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