A new kindred with hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria: Implications for correct diagnosis and treatment

M. Tieder, R. Arie, I. Bab, J. Maor, U. A. Liberman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets with hypercalciuria (HHRH) is a new autosomal form of hypophosphatemic rickets, recently described. This disease is characterized, and differs from other forms of hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets and/or osteomalacia by increased serum levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, hypercalciuria and complete remission of the disease on phosphate therapy alone. However, only another probable Israeli kindred, and seemingly a few sporadic cases from Europe, North America and Japan have been reported in the literature. We describe here a new kindred of Jewish Yemenite origin (unrelated to other Israeli families) with typical HHRH. Two additional members of this family suffer from a milder asymptomatic form of the disease, which presents as absorptive hypercalciuria without signs or symptoms of bone disease. It seems to us that HHRH is underdiagnosed, due to its similarity to other hypophosphatemic syndromes in clinical, radiological and most biochemical parameters. Therefore, it is recommended that urinary calcium excretion and serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D concentrations be measured in every patient with hypophosphatemic rickets/and or osteomalacia before the initiation of any therapy. The correct diagnosis of HHRN is of immense therapeutic implications. Phosphate therapy alone could cause a complete remission in HHRH, while the addition of active vitamin D metabolites, as is recommended in hypophosphatemic vitamin D resistant rickets, could cause deterioration in the patient's condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-181
Number of pages6
JournalNephron
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D
  • Hypercalciuria
  • Hypophosphatemic rickets
  • Phosphate therapy
  • Renal phosphate leak

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