A new combined wavelet methodology: Implementation to GPR and ERT data obtained in the Montagnole experiment

L. Alperovich*, L. Eppelbaum, V. Zheludev, J. Dumoulin, F. Soldovieri, M. Proto, M. Bavusi, A. Loperte

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ground penetrating radar (GPR) and electric resistivity tomography (ERT) are well assessed and accurate geophysical methods for the investigation of subsurface geological sections. In this paper, we present the joint exploitation of these methods at the Montagnole (French Alps) experimental site with the final aim to study and monitor effects of possible catastrophic rockslides in transport infrastructures. The overall goal of the joint GPR-ERT deployment considered here is the careful monitoring of the subsurface structure before and after a series of high energetic mechanical impacts at ground level. It is known that factors such as the ambiguity of geophysical field examination, the complexity of geological scenarios and the low signal-to-noise ratio affect the possibility of building reliable physical-geological models of subsurface structure. Here, we applied to the GPR and ERT methods at the Montagnole site, recent advances in wavelet theory and data mining. The wavelet approach was specifically used to obtain enhanced images (e.g. coherence portraits) resulting from the integration of the different geophysical fields. This methodology, based on the matching pursuit combined with wavelet packet dictionaries, permitted us to extract desired signals under different physical-geological conditions, even in the presence of strongly noised data. Tools such as complex wavelets employed for the coherence portraits, and combined GPR-ERT coherency orientation angle, to name a few, enable non-conventional operations of integration and correlation in subsurface geophysics to be performed. The estimation of the above-mentioned parameters proved useful not only for location of buried inhomogeneities but also for a rough estimation of their electromagnetic and related properties. Therefore, the combination of the above approaches has allowed us to set up a novel methodology, which may enhance the reliability and confidence of each separate geophysical method and their integration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number025017
JournalJournal of Geophysics and Engineering
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2013

Keywords

  • ERT
  • GPR
  • coherency
  • complex Gaussian function
  • integration
  • wavelet analysis

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