A New Approach for a Safe and Reproducible Seeds Positioning for Diffusing Alpha-Emitters Radiation Therapy of Squamous Cell Skin Cancer: A Feasibility Study

Giacomo Feliciani, Salvatore Roberto Bellia, Massimo Del Duca, Giorgio Mazzotti, Manuela Monti, Ignazio Stanganelli, Yona Keisari, Itzhak Kelson, Aron Popovtzer, Antonino Romeo, Anna Sarnelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to discuss how to use an external radio-opaque template in the Diffusing Alpha-emitters Radiation Therapy (DaRT) technique’s pre-planning and treatment stages. This device would help to determine the proper number of sources for tumour coverage, accounting for subcutaneous invasion and augmenting DaRT safety. The procedure will be carried out in a first phase on a phantom and then applied to a clinical case. A typical DaRT procedure workflow comprises steps like tumour measurements and delineation, source number assessment, and therapy administration. As a first step, an adhesive fiberglass mesh (spaced by 2 mm) tape was applied on the skin of the patient and employed as frame of reference. A physician contoured the lesion and marked the entrance points for the needles with a radio opaque ink marker. According to the radio opaque marks and metabolic uptake the clinical target volume was defined, and with a commercial brachytherapy treatment planning system (TPS) it was possible to simulate and adjust the spatial seeds distribution. After the implant procedure a CT was again performed to check the agreement between simulations and seeds positions. With the procedure described above it was possible to simulate a DaRT procedure on a phantom in order to train physicians and subsequently apply the novel approach on patients, outlining the major issues involved in the technique. The present work innovates and supports DaRT technique for the treatment of cutaneous cancers, improving its efficacy and safety.

Original languageEnglish
Article number240
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Alpha-emitters radiation therapy
  • Interstitial brachytherapy
  • Squamous cell skin cancer
  • Treatment safety

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