A Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials on the Treatment of Eosinophilic Esophagitis in Adults and Children

Theodore Rokkas, Yaron Niv, Peter Malfertheiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Network meta-analysis is used as a data synthesizer, incorporating direct and indirect evidence about treatments in a series of randomized control trials. Objective: To evaluate the comparative efficacy of various treatments for eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Methods: We performed a network meta-analysis to combine direct and indirect data to investigate the efficiency of drug therapies, which were evaluated in relevant randomized control trials for EoE. Results: Seventeen eligible studies (14 two-arm and 3 multiple-arm) were introduced to the meta-analysis. A total of 1011 patients were included, in whom 15 therapeutic interventions were used, namely: (1) budesonide oral suspension, (2) budesonide 1 mg orodispersible tablet twice daily, (3) budesonide 2 mg orodispersible tablet twice daily, (4) esomeprazole, (5) fluticasone, (6) nebulized steroid, (7) placebo, (8) prednisone, (9) anti-IL-5-mab (mepolizumab), (10) anti-IL-5-mab [reslizumab(1), ie, 1 mg/kg], (11) anti-IL-5-mab [reslizumab(2), ie, 2 mg/kg], (12) anti-IL-5-mab [reslizumab(3), ie, 3 mg/kg], (13) anti-IL-13-mab (QAX 576), (14) anti-IL-13-mab [RCP 4046 (180)], and (15) anti-IL-13-mab [RCP 4046 (360)]. Budesonide 1 mg orodispersible tablet twice daily showed the highest efficacy (SUCRA 0.91), whereas placebo was the least effective. In adult patients budesonide 1 mg orodispersible tablet twice daily remained the optimal treatment approach, whereas the corresponding therapeutic approach in pediatric patients was fluticasone. Conclusions: This meta-analysis showed that budesonide 1 mg orodispersible tablet twice daily was the best treatment for EoE, as it was the most effective. This treatment remained the optimal approach in adult patients, whereas fluticasone was the best treatment in pediatric patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-410
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • adults
  • children
  • eosinophilic esophagitis
  • network meta-analysis
  • treatment

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