A multidisciplinary approach to hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with cirrhosis

M. E. Schwartz, M. Sung, E. Mor, A. Fisher, I. Popescu, I. Fiel, P. Sheiner, S. Emre, S. Guy, C. M. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A multidisciplinary approach has been developed to evaluate and treat patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated 153 patients with cirrhosis and HCC. Fourteen patients with Child's A cirrhosis underwent resection. Transplantation was performed in 40 patients with HCC less than 5 cm (32 incidental, eight recognized preoperatively), in six patients with HCC 5 cm or greater not recognized preoperatively, and in 11 patients with recognized HCC 5 cm or greater; the latter 11 underwent transplantation in a multimodality protocol using pretransplant chemoembolization and intraoperative and postoperative chemotherapy. RESULTS: Among the 14 patients who underwent resection, the three-year survival rate was 39 percent. Among the 40 patients with HCC less than 5 cm who underwent transplantation, no tumor recurrence was observed. Among the six with HCC 5 cm or greater unrecognized preoperatively, three had tumor recurrence. Among the 11 with HCC 5 cm or greater enrolled in the protocol, there were no deaths and one recurrence at a mean of 433 days follow-up. The four-year survival rate for all patients who underwent transplantation with HCC was 56 percent (66 percent excluding the six patients with unrecognized HCC 5 cm or larger). CONCLUSIONS: Hepatocellular carcinoma less than 5 cm in patients with cirrhosis (Child's B or C) is an indication for hepatic transplantation. Hepatocellular carcinoma less than 5 cm in patients with cirrhosis (Child's A), although resectable, may in some cases be better treated by hepatic transplantation. Transplantation for HCC 5 cm or greater within a multimodality protocol has yielded excellent results at two years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)596-603
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume180
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

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