BACKGROUND: A multidisciplinary approach has been developed to evaluate and treat patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated 153 patients with cirrhosis and HCC. Fourteen patients with Child's A cirrhosis underwent resection. Transplantation was performed in 40 patients with HCC less than 5 cm (32 incidental, eight recognized preoperatively), in six patients with HCC 5 cm or greater not recognized preoperatively, and in 11 patients with recognized HCC 5 cm or greater; the latter 11 underwent transplantation in a multimodality protocol using pretransplant chemoembolization and intraoperative and postoperative chemotherapy. RESULTS: Among the 14 patients who underwent resection, the three-year survival rate was 39 percent. Among the 40 patients with HCC less than 5 cm who underwent transplantation, no tumor recurrence was observed. Among the six with HCC 5 cm or greater unrecognized preoperatively, three had tumor recurrence. Among the 11 with HCC 5 cm or greater enrolled in the protocol, there were no deaths and one recurrence at a mean of 433 days follow-up. The four-year survival rate for all patients who underwent transplantation with HCC was 56 percent (66 percent excluding the six patients with unrecognized HCC 5 cm or larger). CONCLUSIONS: Hepatocellular carcinoma less than 5 cm in patients with cirrhosis (Child's B or C) is an indication for hepatic transplantation. Hepatocellular carcinoma less than 5 cm in patients with cirrhosis (Child's A), although resectable, may in some cases be better treated by hepatic transplantation. Transplantation for HCC 5 cm or greater within a multimodality protocol has yielded excellent results at two years.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the American College of Surgeons|
|State||Published - 1995|