A modified version of the 2016 ACR fibromyalgia criteria cognitive items results in stronger correlations between subjective and objective measures of cognitive impairment

O. Elkana*, C. Yaalon, S. Raev, N. Sobol, J. N. Ablin, R. Shorer, V. Aloush

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. In a previous study, we showed that the subjective item assessing cognitive impairment (SSS-Cog) for fibromyalgia (FM) did not correlate with the objective cognitive measures. In the current study, we describe two modifications designed to enhance this correlation: extending the SSS-cog scale from 0-3 to 1-5, and administration of a new questionnaire that specifically targets the cognitive impairments associated with FM. Methods. Sixty-two FM patients underwent a computerised cognitive assessment battery. FM symptoms were assessed on the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ); the Widespread Pain Index (WPI); the Symptom Severity Scale (SSS), the new SSS-Cog scale ranging from 1 to 5, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the new cognitive questionnaire developed by the authors. Results. Significant correlations were found between the new SSS-Cog, the global cognitive score and all indices [Global Score r=-0.532, p=0.00; In-dices: Memory r=-0.305, p=.01; Executive function r=-0.514, p=0.00; Attention r=-0.471, p=0.00; Processing Speed r=-0.468, p=0.00; Motor Skills r=-0.495, p=.00]. Significant correlations were found between the new questionnaire and the global cognitive score and all indices except the memory index [Global Score r=-0.522, p=0.00; Indices: Memory r=-0.163, p=0.212; Executive function r=-0.477, p=0.00; Attention r=-0.439, p=0.00; Processing Speed r=-0.496, p=0.00; Motor Skills r=-0.532, p=0.00]. Conclusion. Given the simplicity involved in extending the scale, we suggest incorporating this modification into the FM diagnostic criteria of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S66-S71
JournalClinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Volume39
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Cognitive assessment
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Cognitive index
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Symptom severity scale

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