A model of a dual-core matter-wave soliton laser

Peter Y.P. Chen, Boris A. Malomed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We propose a system which can generate a periodic array of solitary-wave pulses from a finite reservoir of coherent Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC). The system is built as a set of two parallel quasi-one-dimensional traps (the reservoir proper and a pulse-generating cavity), which are linearly coupled by the tunnelling of atoms. The scattering length is tuned to be negative and small in the absolute value in the cavity, and still smaller but positive in the reservoir. Additionally, a parabolic potential profile is created around the centre of the cavity. Both edges of the reservoir and one edge of the cavity are impenetrable. Solitons are released through the other cavity's edge, which is semi-transparent. Two different regimes of the intrinsic operation of the laser are identified: circulations of a narrow wavefunction pulse in the cavity, and oscillations of a broad standing pulse. The latter regime is stable, readily providing for the generation of an array containing up to 10 000 permanent-shape pulses. The circulation regime provides for no more than 40 cycles, and then it transforms into the oscillation mode. The dependence of the dynamical regime on parameters of the system is investigated in detail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4221-4234
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Volume38
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Dec 2005

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