A locust-inspired miniature jumping robot

Valentin Zaitsev, Omer Gvirsman, Uri Ben Hanan, Avi Weiss, Amir Ayali, Gabor Kosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Unmanned ground vehicles are mostly wheeled, tracked, or legged. These locomotion mechanisms have a limited ability to traverse rough terrain and obstacles that are higher than the robots center of mass. In order to improve the mobility of small robots it is necessary to expand the variety of their motion gaits. Jumping is one of natures solutions to the challenge of mobility in difficult terrain. The desert locust is the model for the presented bio-inspired design of a jumping mechanism for a small mobile robot. The basic mechanism is similar to that of the semilunar process in the hind legs of the locust, and is based on the cocking of a torsional spring by wrapping a tendon-like wire around the shaft of a miniature motor. In this study we present the jumping mechanism design, and the manufacturing and performance analysis of two demonstrator prototypes. The most advanced jumping robot demonstrator is power autonomous, weighs 23 gr, and is capable of jumping to a height of 3.35 m, covering a distance of 1.37 m.

Original languageEnglish
Article number066012
JournalBioinspiration and Biomimetics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 25 Nov 2015


  • bio-inspired design
  • jumping robot
  • locust
  • mechatronics system


Dive into the research topics of 'A locust-inspired miniature jumping robot'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this