A Late Iron Age Fortress North of Jerusalem

Gabriel Barkay, Alexander Fantalkin, Oren Tal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Studies dealing with the defensive system of the Kingdom of Judah in the Late Iron Age have mentioned the fortress excavated at the French Hill, north of Jerusalem (the possibility of its use during the Persian period has also been raised). The plan and finds from this fortress have never been published, and its description has appeared in a very preliminary form. This article is the final report of the excavation carried out 33 years ago by Professor Ora Negbi, to whom we dedicate this article. Aside from a fully detailed publication of the fortress's architectural plan and the finds retrieved, our objectives are to set the chronological framework on the basis of the finds, suggest a possible geographical-historical identification according to biblical sources, and attempt to reconstruct the defensive system of the Judaean kingdom's capital—Jerusalem. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-71
Number of pages23
JournalBulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2002


  • Judaea (Region)
  • Israel
  • Fortification -- Israel
  • History of Jerusalem
  • Israeli antiquities
  • Iron Age
  • Iron Age fortification -- Israel


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