A framework for analyzing flexibility of generic objects

Guy Fitzgerald, Miryam Barad*, Anastasia Papazafeiropoulou, Ghada Alaa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Flexibility is a loosely defined term used in a number of application areas with different and frequently contradicting views. In this paper, adopting as a starting point the use of the term in the manufacturing and information systems domains, we present a framework for the examination of generic objects utilizing cloud diagrams. We first portray the potential flexibility of a designed object and then its actual flexibility expressing its ability to adapt to changes. Examples of its use illustrate the ideas and their application. We believe that this research will be helpful in offering guidelines to designers of new systems where flexibility is important.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-339
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Production Economics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 2009


  • Changes
  • Flexibility
  • Flexibility metrics
  • Generic objects


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