A fractional step solution method for the unsteady incompressible navier-stokes equations in generalized coordinate systems

Moshe Rosenfeld, Dochan Kwak, Marcel Vinokur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A fractional step method is developed for solving the time-dependent three-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in generalized coordinate systems. The primitive variable formulation uses the pressure, defined at the center of the computational cell, and the volume fluxes across the faces of the cells as the dependent variables, instead of the Cartesian components of the velocity. This choice is equivalent to using the contravariant velocity components in a staggered grid multiplied by the volume of the computational cell. The governing equations are discretized by finite volumes using a staggered mesh system. The solution of the continuity equation is decoupled from the momentum equations by a fractional step method which enforces mass conservation by solving a Poisson equation. This procedure, combined with a consistent approximation of the geometric quantities, is done to satisfy the discretized mass conservation equation to machine accuracy, as well as to gain the favorable convergence properties of the Poisson solver. The momentum equations are solved by an approximate factorization method, and a novel ZEBRA scheme with four-color ordering is devised for the efficient solution of the Poisson equation. Several two- and three-dimensional laminar test cases are computed and compared with other numerical and experimental results to validate the solution method. Good agreement is obtained in all cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-137
Number of pages36
JournalJournal of Computational Physics
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1991
Externally publishedYes

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