A family of genes encoding neurotransmitter transporters

Qing Rong Liu, Sreekala Mandiyan, Hannah Nelson, Nathan Nelson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Scopus citations


The genomic and cDNA clones of the mouse γ-aminobutyric acid transporter were sequenced and analyzed. The genomic clone contains 12 introns including 1 intron prior to the initiator methionine. The second intron comes immediately after the stretch of amino acids that is most conserved among the neurotransmitter transporters sequenced so far. By using a probe constructed according to this conserved region, several partial genomic clones were isolated. Sequence analysis of those clones reveals not only homology to the family of neurotransmitter transporters within the reading frame but also an identical location of an exon-intron junction after the conserved region. A search of the GenBank data base (April 1991) revealed that two invertebrate genes exhibit homology to the conserved sequence of the above family. One, a Drosophila melanogaster gene, encoded the N-terminal part of a protein homologous to neurotransmitter transporters and the second was in Caenorhabditis elegans. The Drosophila gene contains an intron that starts at a position identical to the corresponding positions of all the mammalian genes of the family.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6639-6643
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number14
StatePublished - 15 Jul 1992
Externally publishedYes


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