A distinguishable observation between survival and success rate outcome of hydroxyapatite-coated implants in 5-10 years in function

Zvi Artzi*, Guy Carmeli, Avital Kozlovsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To differentiate between the survival and success definitions of functional hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated implant prosthesis. Methods: A total of 248 implants (62 patients), 5-10 years in function, were evaluated. The implant distribution length was 8 mm (6.5%), 10 mm (29.4%), 13 mm (30.2%) and 15 mm (33.9%). The diameter was 3.25 mm (60.1%) and 4 mm (39.9%). Probing depth (PD), gingival index (GI), height of keratinized mucosa (KM) and recession (REC) were measured. Periapical radiographs were taken to estimate the amount of crestal bone resorption (BL), mesially and distally, with the aid of a millimetric-scaled magnifying glass (× 8). Only implants that fulfilled the success rate criteria were considered as successful. All other functional implants were assigned to the non-successful group. All functional implant prostheses were defined as survival ones. Results: The accumulative survival rate after 5 and 10 years was 94.4% and 92.8%, respectively. Accumulative success rates were 89.9% and 54%, respectively. Implants 13 and 15 mm in length (97.9% and 96.4%, respectively) had the highest survival rate, which was higher over implants 8 and 10 mm in length (75%, P<0.01 and 88.2%, respectively). The survival rate of 4 mm diameter implants compared with 3.25 mm was 96.5% and 90.3%, respectively (P=0.019). The average BL was 1.7, 0.92 and 2.79 mm for the survival, successful and non-successful defined implant groups. PD was 3.26, 2.79 and 4 mm and GI was 0.96, 0.75 and 1.57, respectively. These measurements were statistically different between implant groups. KM and REC measurements showed similar scoring for all groups. A correlation was shown between successful and non-successful implants on the score of GI and PD (P<0.001 in both). Conclusion: A distinguishable observation between survival and success rate was noted particularly in long-term observations. Implant length and diameter have an influence on the survival rate. Clinical parameter scores expressed an influence on the defined implant status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-93
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Oral Implants Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2006


  • HA-coated implant
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Retrospective study
  • Success rate
  • Survival rate


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