A Developmental-Genetic Analysis of Continuity and Change in the Bayley Mental Development Index from 14 to 24 Months: The MacArthur Longitudinal Twin Study

S. S. Cherny, D. W. Fulker, J. Robinson, R. P. Corley, J. C. Defries, R. N. Emde, J. S. Reznick, R. Plomin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A developmental-genetic model was fitted to Bayley Mental Development Index (MDI) data to address questions concerning the origins of individual differences in MDI performance and the origins of change and continuity during infancy More than 350 pairs of identical and same-sex fraternal twins were studied longitudinally at 14, 20, and 24 months of age There was substantial genetic continuity of general cognitive ability from 14 to 24 months, but significant new genetic variation also appeared at 24 months Shared family environmental influences were global across all three ages and not time-specific Finally, nonshared environmental influences did not contribute to the observed continuity of general cognitive ability, only to change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-360
Number of pages7
JournalPsychological Science
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1994
Externally publishedYes

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