A Coupled-Mode Analysis of Twin-Stripe Index-Guided Lasers

Idan Paiss, Amos Hardy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An approximated coupled-mode solution is presented to the problem of lateral mode behavior in twin-stripe index-guided injection lasers near threshold. The optical properties are determined by the coupling coefficients between the two waveguides which includes the external current-dependent perturbation to the dielectric constant. In the calculations of the external perturbation, a simple model of current spreading under the contacts and carrier diffusion in the active layer is given for a multistripe structure. We concentrate on the influence of the currents ratio on the lateral field shape and modal gain. It is shown that for symmetrical current injection, the fundamental supermode has a slight preference (higher gain) over the second 180° phase-shifted mode. As the injected current ratio is driven away from the symmetrical point, the second supermode is favored with increasing modal gain difference. The coupled-mode approach is relatively simple and can describe rather accurately this already known behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1609-1616
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1989


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