A cortical biomarker of audibility and processing efficacy in children with single-sided deafness using a cochlear implant

Y. Yaar-Soffer, R. Kaplan-Neeman, T. Greenbom, S. Habiballah, Y. Shapira, Y. Henkin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The goals of the current study were to evaluate audibility and cortical speech processing, and to provide insight into binaural processing in children with single-sided deafness (CHwSSD) using a cochlear implant (CI). The P1 potential to acoustically-presented speech stimuli (/m/, /g/, /t/) was recorded during monaural [Normal hearing (NH), CI], and bilateral (BIL, NH + CI) listening conditions within a clinical setting in 22 CHwSSD (mean age at CI/testing 4.7, 5.7 years). Robust P1 potentials were elicited in all children in the NH and BIL conditions. In the CI condition: (1) P1 prevalence was reduced yet was elicited in all but one child to at least one stimulus; (2) P1 latency was prolonged and amplitude was reduced, consequently leading to absence of binaural processing manifestations; (3) Correlation between P1 latency and age at CI/testing was weak and not significant; (4) P1 prevalence for /m/ was reduced and associated with CI manufacturer and duration of CI use. Results indicate that recording CAEPs to speech stimuli in clinical settings is feasible and valuable for the management of CHwSSD. While CAEPs provided evidence for effective audibility, a substantial mismatch in timing and synchrony of early-stage cortical processing between the CI and NH ear remains a barrier for the development of binaural interaction components.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3533
JournalScientific Reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

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