A coordinated x-ray and optical campaign of the nearest massive eclipsing binary, δ orionis Aa. III. Analysis of optical photometric (MOST) and spectroscopic (GROUND-BASED) variations

Herbert Pablo, Noel D. Richardson, Anthony F.J. Moffat, Michael Corcoran, Tomer Shenar, Omar Benvenuto, Jim Fuller, Yaël Nazé, Jennifer L. Hoffman, Anatoly Miroshnichenko, Jesús Maíz Apellániz, Nancy Evans, Thomas Eversberg, Ken Gayley, Ted Gull, Kenji Hamaguchi, Wolf Rainer Hamann, Huib Henrichs, Tabetha Hole, Richard IgnaceRosina Iping, Jennifer Lauer, Maurice Leutenegger, Jamie Lomax, Joy Nichols, Lida Oskinova, Stan Owocki, Andy Pollock, Christopher M.P. Russell, Wayne Waldron, Christian Buil, Thierry Garrel, Keith Graham, Bernard Heathcote, Thierry Lemoult, Dong Li, Benjamin Mauclaire, Mike Potter, Jose Ribeiro, Jaymie Matthews, Chris Cameron, David Guenther, Rainer Kuschnig, Jason Rowe, Slavek Rucinski, Dimitar Sasselov, Werner Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on both high-precision photometry from the Microvariability and Oscillations of Stars (MOST) space telescope and ground-based spectroscopy of the triple system δ Ori A, consisting of a binary O9.5II+early-B (Aa1 and Aa2) with P = 5.7 days, and a more distant tertiary (O9 IV years). This data was collected in concert with X-ray spectroscopy from the Chandra X-ray Observatory. Thanks to continuous coverage for three weeks, the MOST light curve reveals clear eclipses between Aa1 and Aa2 for the first time in non-phased data. From the spectroscopy, we have a well-constrained radial velocity (RV) curve of Aa1. While we are unable to recover RV variations of the secondary star, we are able to constrain several fundamental parameters of this system and determine an approximate mass of the primary using apsidal motion. We also detected second order modulations at 12 separate frequencies with spacings indicative of tidally influenced oscillations. These spacings have never been seen in a massive binary, making this system one of only a handful of such binaries that show evidence for tidally induced pulsations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume809
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
National Science Foundation0807477

    Keywords

    • binaries: eclipsing
    • close
    • stars: early-type
    • stars: individual (delta Ori A)
    • stars: mass-loss
    • stars: variables: general

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