A simple methodology for evaluating the dynamic-range of gas avalanche detectors in the laboratory is presented and discussed. It comprises two tools: a charge injector of tunable gain which transfers radiation-induced amplified electron swarms to the investigated detector to mimic events with well defined primary-ionization spectra, and a systematic approach for measuring the detector's discharge probability. The methodology, applicable to a broad range of detectors, is applied here for instability studies in various single-stage THGEM and THGEM-WELL structures. The results indicate upon a somewhat larger attainable dynamic range in a single-stage THGEM operated with additional multiplication in the induction gap.
- Electron multipliers (gas)
- Gaseous detectors
- Micropattern gaseous detectors (MSGC, GEM, THGEM, RETHGEM, MHSP, MICROPIC, MICROMEGAS, InGrid, etc)