A computer-aided polyp detection system in screening and surveillance colonoscopy: an international, multicentre, randomised, tandem trial

Michiel H.J. Maas*, Helmut Neumann, Haim Shirin, Lior H. Katz, Ariel A. Benson, Arslan Kahloon, Elsa Soons, Rawi Hazzan, Marc J. Landsman, Benjamin Lebwohl, Suzanne K. Lewis, Visvakanth Sivanathan, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Harold Jacob, Peter D. Siersema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Studies on the effect of computer-aided detection (CAD) in a daily clinical screening and surveillance colonoscopy population practice are scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate a novel CAD system in a screening and surveillance colonoscopy population. Methods: This multicentre, randomised, controlled trial was done in ten hospitals in Europe, the USA, and Israel by 31 endoscopists. Patients referred for non-immunochemical faecal occult blood test (iFOBT) screening or surveillance colonoscopy were included. Patients were randomomly assigned to CAD-assisted colonoscopy or conventional colonoscopy; a subset was further randomly assigned to undergo tandem colonoscopy: CAD followed by conventional colonoscopy or conventional colonoscopy followed by CAD. Primary objectives included adenoma per colonoscopy (APC) and adenoma per extraction (APE). Secondary objectives included adenoma miss rate (AMR) in the tandem colonoscopies. The study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04640792. Findings: A total of 916 patients were included in the modified intention-to-treat analysis: 449 in the CAD group and 467 in the conventional colonoscopy group. APC was higher with CAD compared with conventional colonoscopy (0·70 vs 0·51, p=0·015; 314 adenomas per 449 colonoscopies vs 238 adenomas per 467 colonoscopies; poisson effect ratio 1·372 [95% CI 1·068–1·769]), while showing non-inferiority of APE compared with conventional colonoscopy (0·59 vs 0·66; p<0·001 for non-inferiority; 314 of 536 extractions vs 238 of 360 extractions). AMR in the 127 (61 with CAD first, 66 with conventional colonoscopy first) patients completing tandem colonoscopy was 19% (11 of 59 detected during the second pass) in the CAD first group and 36% (16 of 45 detected during the second pass) in the conventional colonoscopy first group (p=0·024). Interpretation: CAD increased adenoma detection in non-iFOBT screening and surveillance colonoscopies and reduced adenoma miss rates compared with conventional colonoscopy, without an increase in the resection of non-adenomatous lesions. Funding: Magentiq Eye.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e157-e165
JournalThe Lancet Digital Health
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
Magentiq Eye, Haifa, Israel

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