A complete geometric singular characterization of the 6/6 Stewart Platform

Michael Slavutin, Avshalom Sheffer, Offer Shai, Yoram Reich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper introduces the three-dimensional (3D) dual Kennedy theorem in statics, and demonstrates its application to characterize the singular configuration of the 6/6 Stewart Platform (6/6 SP). The proposed characterization is articulated as a simple geometric relation that is easy to apply and check. We find two lines that cross four of the six legs of the platform. Each one of these two lines has a parallel line that crosses the remaining two legs. Each pair of parallel lines defines a plane. The 6/6 SP is in a singular position if the intersection of these two planes is perpendicular to the common normal of the remaining two legs. The method developed for the singular characterization is also used for the analysis of the mobility and forces of the SP. Finally, the proposed method is compared to some known singular configurations, such as Hunt's and Fichter's singular configurations and the 3/6 Stewart Platform (3/6 SP) singularity. The relation between the reported characterizations of the 6/6 SP and other reported works is highlighted. Moreover, it is shown that the known 3/6 SP characterization is a special case of the results reported in the paper. Finally, a characterization of a platform that does not appear in the literature, 5/6 SP, is developed based on the new approach to demonstrate its utility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number041011
JournalJournal of Mechanisms and Robotics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2018


  • Kinematic geometry
  • Mechanism synthesis
  • Parallel platforms
  • Theoretical kinematics

Cite this