A comparison of the effects of selected mono-ethnic urban environments on the autonomic functions of Muslim and Jewish women in Israel

Diana Saadi*, Keren Agay-Shay, Emanuel Tirosh, Izhak Schnell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Few previous studies evaluated ethnic differences in the effects of urban environments on the autonomic balance in intra-ethnic environments and the mediation effects of environmental exposures (air pollution, noise, and thermal load). In a field experimental study, we exposed 48 Muslim and 24 Jewish women to park, town center, and residential street in Israeli mono-ethnic small towns. Heart rate variability (HRV), noise, thermal load, and carbon monoxide (CO) were measured by portable devices while visiting the environments and were analyzed using mixed models. The results highlight the restorative effect of parks on both ethnic groups with stronger effect for Jewish women compared to Muslim women (β coefficient (95% confidence interval (CI)): − 6.45(− 6.70, − 6.20); − 4.99 (− 5.15, − 4.83), respectively). However, significant differences were recorded in Muslim and Jewish coping with the environments and the environmental exposures as measured by HRV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number627
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume190
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2018

Funding

FundersFunder number
Foundation of Smaller
Ministry of Science, Technology and Space
Porter School of Environmental Studies, Tel Aviv University
Tel Aviv University

    Keywords

    • Heart rate variability
    • Mono-ethnic environments
    • Park
    • Residential and town center environments

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