A comparison of life events between suicidal adolescents with major depression and borderline personality disorder

Netta Horesh, Jonathan Sever, Alan Apter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The current study compared the correlations of different types of stressful life events (SLE) between suicidal adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD) and suicidal adolescents with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Both groups were referred following an attempted suicide. Twenty adolescents with MDD and 20 adolescents with BPD who were consecutively referred to an outpatient clinic following a suicide attempt were evaluated. A community control group of adolescents with no lifetime history of suicidal behavior was also assessed. The following measurements were employed: the Suicide Risk Scale (SRS) Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Life Events Checklist (LEC), and the Childhood Sexual Abuse Questionnaire (CSEQ). Both groups of suicidal subjects reported more SLE in general and more physical abuse than community controls in the 12 months before the suicide attempt. The MDD adolescents had more lifetime death-related SLE than the BPD and control groups, while the BPD adolescents reported more lifetime sex abuse-related SLE than the other two groups. Thus, suicidal behavior in general may be related to the amount of SLE. However, different disease-specific life events may precipitate suicide attempts in adolescents with MDD and BPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-283
Number of pages7
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

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