# A Coding Theory Bound and Zero-Sum Square Matrices

Noga Alon, Simon Litsyn, Raphael Yuster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

## Abstract

For a code C = C(n, M) the level k code of C, denoted Ck, is the set of all vectors resulting from a linear combination of precisely k distinct codewords of C. We prove that if k is any positive integer divisible by 8, and n = γk, M = βk ≥ 2k then there is a codeword in C k whose weight is either 0 or at most n/2 - n(1/8γ - 6/(4β-2)2) + 1. In particular, if γ < (4β - 2)2/48 then there is a codeword in Ck whose weight is n/2 - Θ(n). The method used to prove this result enables us to prove the following: Let k be an integer divisible by p, and let f(k, p) denote the minimum integer guaranteeing that in any square matrix over Zp, of order f(k, p), there is a square submatrix of order k such that the sum of all the elements in each row and column is 0. We prove that lim inf f(k, 2)/k < 3.836. For general p we obtain, using a different approach, that f(k, p) ≤ p(k/ln k) (1+ok(1)).

Original language English 449-457 9 Graphs and Combinatorics 19 4 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00373-003-0533-0 Published - 2003

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