A clinical and molecular study of a Bedouin family with dysmegakaryopoiesis, mild anemia, and neutropenia cured by bone marrow transplantation

Hannah Tamary, I. Yaniv, J. Stein, O. Dgany, Z. Shalev, T. Shechter, P. Resnitzky, D. Shaft, M. Zoldan, L. Kornreich, R. Levy, A. Cohen, R. A. Moser, J. Kapelushnik, H. Shalev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Familial thrombocytopenia is a relatively rare and heterogeneous group of clinical and genetic syndromes of unknown etiology. Recently, mutations in a few hematopoietic transcription factors were implicated in dysmegakaryopoiesis with and without dyserythropoietic anemia. The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical and hematologic picture of members of a Bedouin family with severe congenital thrombocytopenia associated with neutropenia and anemia and to determine the possible involvement of hematopoietic transcription factor genes in their disease. Patients and methods: Four members of a Bedouin family presented with severe bleeding tendency, including intracranial hemorrhage in three. Three of the four were successfully treated with allogenic human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched bone marrow transplants. Measurements of serum erythropoietin and thrombopoietin levels, bone marrow electron microscopy, and megakaryocytic colony were grown for each patient in addition to DNA amplification and single-strand conformation polymorphism of each exon of the NF-E2, Fli-1, FOG-1, and Gfi-1b in genes. Results: Bone marrow studies revealed dysmegakaryopoiesis and mild dyserythropoiesis. A low number of bone marrow megakaryocyte colony-forming units was found, as well as a slightly elevated serum thrombopoietin level. No mutation was identified in any of the transcription factor genes examined. Conclusions: A unique autosomal recessive bone marrow disorder with prominent involvement of megakaryocytes is described. Defects were not identified in transcription factors affecting the common myeloid progenitor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-203
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Haematology
Volume71
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2003

Keywords

  • Bone marrow transplantation
  • Congenital thrombocytopenia
  • Dysmegakaryopoiesis
  • Electron microscopy
  • Intracranial hemorrhage

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