A 99 minute Double-lined White Dwarf Binary from SDSS-V

Vedant Chandra*, Hsiang Chih Hwang, Nadia L. Zakamska, Boris T. Gänsicke, J. J. Hermes, Axel Schwope, Carles Badenes, Gagik Tovmassian, Evan B. Bauer, Dan Maoz, Matthias R. Schreiber, Odette F. Toloza, Keith P. Inight, Hans Walter Rix, Warren R. Brown

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the discovery of SDSS J133725.26+395237.7 (hereafter SDSS J1337+3952), a double-lined white dwarf (WD+WD) binary identified in early data from the fifth-generation Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-V). The double-lined nature of the system enables us to fully determine its orbital and stellar parameters with follow-up Gemini spectroscopy and Swift UVOT ultraviolet fluxes. The system is nearby (d = 113 pc), and consists of a 0.51 M⊙ primary and a 0.32 M⊙ secondary. SDSS J1337+3952 is a powerful source of gravitational waves in the millihertz regime, and will be detectable by future space-based interferometers. Due to this gravitational wave emission, the binary orbit will shrink down to the point of interaction in ≈220 Myr. The inferred stellar masses indicate that SDSS J1337+3952 will likely not explode as a Type Ia supernova (SN Ia). Instead, the system will probably merge and evolve into a rapidly rotating helium star and could produce an underluminous thermonuclear supernova along the way. The continuing search for similar systems in SDSS-V will grow the statistical sample of double-degenerate binaries across parameter space, constraining models of binary evolution and SNe Ia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number160
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume921
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Nov 2021

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