Background: The number of studies suggesting that en bloc resection of bladder tumor (ERBT) is superior to transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) management is growing. The aim of this review is to discuss the features of these procedures and to determine the prospects of en bloc in NMIBC management. Materials and methods: We conducted a literature search using two databases (Medline and Scopus) and included any research which reported ERBT outcomes. Results: The lasers with minimal tissue penetration depth are becoming the main tool for ERBT. Unfortunately, most of the systematic reviews continue to be characterized by high heterogeneity. However, recent studies indicate that ERBT may have the edge when it comes to the detrusor muscle rate and the quality of the histological specimen. ERBT may favor in terms of in-field relapse, but its rate in the studies varies greatly. As for out-field relapse-free survival, the data are still lacking. The strongest evidence supports that ERBT is superior to TURBT in complications rate (bladder perforation). ERBT is feasible irrespective to tumor size and location. Conclusions: ERBT has gained in momentum with the increasingly widespread use of this kind of laser surgery. The introduction of novel sources (TFL and Thulium:YAG pulsed laser) will definitely affect how the field develops and will result in further improvements in safety and precision. The latest trials make us more certain in our belief that ERBT will be beneficial in terms of histological specimen quality, relapse rate and complications rate.
- Bladder cancer
- En bloc