3D Volumetric Measurements of GH Secreting Adenomas Correlate with Baseline Pituitary Function, Initial Surgery Success Rate, and Disease Control

Amit Tirosh, Georgios Z. Papadakis, Prashant Chittiboina, Charalampos Lyssikatos, Elena Belyavskaya, Meg Keil, Maya B. Lodish, Constantine A. Stratakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There is scarce data on the clinical utility of volume measurement for growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenomas. The current study objective was to assess the association between pituitary adenoma volumes and baseline endocrine evaluation, initial surgical success rate, and disease control among patients with acromegaly. A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a clinical research center including patients with acromegaly due to GH-secreting pituitary adenomas. Baseline hormonal evaluation and adenoma characteristics according to MRI were collected. Volumetric measurements of pituitary adenomas were performed using a semi-automated lesion segmentation and tumor-volume assessment tools. Rates of post-operative medical treatment, radiation therapy, and re-operation were gathered from the patients' medical records. Twenty seven patients (11 females) were included, median age 21.0 years (interquartile range 29 years, range 3-61 years). Patients harboring adenomas with a volume <2 000 mm 3 had higher chance to achieve disease remission [94.1% (n=16) vs. 50.0% (n=4), p<0.05]. Adenoma volumes positively correlated with baseline plasma GH levels before and after oral glucose administration, and with plasma IGF-I and PRL levels. Adenoma volume had negative correlation with morning plasma cortisol levels. Finally, patients harboring larger adenomas required 2nd surgery and/or medical treatment more often compared with subjects with smaller adenomas. Accurate 3D volume measurement of GH-secreting pituitary adenomas may be used for the prediction of initial surgery success and for disease control rates among patients with a GH-secreting pituitary adenomas and performs better than standard size assessments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-445
Number of pages6
JournalHormone and Metabolic Research
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • acromegaly
  • hypopituitarism
  • volumetric measurement

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