## Abstract

We present a theoretical study of 3D electrorotation of ideally polarizable (metallic) nanonmicroorthotropic particles that are freely suspended in an unbounded monovalent symmetric electrolyte. The metallic tri-axial ellipsoidal particle is subjected to three independent uniform AC electric fields acting along the three principal axes of the particle. The analysis of the electrokinetic problem is carried under the Poisson-Nernst-Planck approximation and the standard "weak" field assumption. For simplicity, we consider the electric double layer as thin and the Dukhin number to be small. Both nonlinear phenomena of dielectrophoresis induced by the dipole-moment within the particle and the induced-charge electrophoresis caused by the Coulombic force density within the Debye layer in the solute surrounding the conducting particle are analytically analyzed by linearization, constructing approximate expressions for the total dipolophoresis angular particle motion for various geometries. The analytical expressions thus obtained are valid for an arbitrary tri-axial orthotropic (exhibiting three planes of symmetry) particle, excited by an arbitrary ambient three-dimensional AC electric field of constant amplitude. The present study is general in the sense that by choosing different geometric parameters of the ellipsoidal particle, the corresponding nonlinear electrostatic problem governed by the Robin (mixed-type) boundary condition can be reduced to common nano-shapes including spheres, slender rods (needles), prolate and oblate spheroids, as well as flat disks. Furthermore, by controlling the parameters (amplitudes and phases) of the forcing electric field, one can reduce the present general 3D electrokinetic model to the familiar planar electro-rotation (ROT) and electro-orientation (EOR) cases.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 052008 |

Journal | Physics of Fluids |

Volume | 29 |

Issue number | 5 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 1 May 2017 |