2.5-45μm SWS spectroscopy of the Circinus galaxy

A. F.M. Moorwood*, D. Lutz, E. Oliva, A. Marconi, H. Netzer, R. Genzel, E. Sturm, Th De Graauw

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present 2.5-45μm ISO SWS spectra of the Circinus galaxy which is one of the closest spirals containing both a visually obscured Seyfert nucleus and circumnuclear starburst activity. In addition to PAH features, H2 and low excitation ionic lines ([FeII], [NeII], [SIII]) from the starburst region its spectrum shows several prominent lines from highly ionized species ([NeIII,V,VI], [SIV], [MgV,VII,VIII], [OIV], [SiIX]) which arise in gas photoionized by the AGN within its ionization cone. Adopting solar abundances and a density of 5000 cm-3 derived from the [NeV] 14.3/24.3/um ratio we have developed a model which can reproduce the absolute fluxes of most of the visible/near infrared and ISO lines from species with ionization energies in the range 50 - 320 eV to within a factor ∼ 2. Most of the discrepancies can probably be attributed to uncertainties in the calibration, abundances and atomic parameters. Of particular interest for further work are [OIV] 26μm and [SIV] 10.5μm which are observed to be a factor ∼ 2 brighter and fainter respectively than expected. The best fit ionizing spectrum is characterized by a v-5 X-ray continuum - consistent with recent ASCA satellite observations - plus a pronounced UV bump which peaks at ≃ 70eV (180Å) in a plot of z/F., versus v and is responsible for most of the ISO lines. Models in which the UV bump is represented by a broken power law, typical of a thin accretion disc, or a quasi black body at 2 × 105K give equally good fits to the observed emission line spectrum. Whatever its origin it appears that re-processed ionizing radiation from the AGN probably dominates over the starburst contribution to the total infrared luminosity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L109-L112
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume315
Issue number2
StatePublished - 10 Nov 1996

Keywords

  • Galaxies: Seyfert
  • Galaxies: individual: Circinus
  • Infrared: galaxies
  • Line: formation

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